Air transport and competition in the European Economic Community.

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Published by Association pour la Diffusion de l"Information Juridique in Brussels .

Written in English

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SeriesJUSletter Bulletin -- 5/89
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14387420M

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About this book. This book addresses emerging legal and economic issues in competition and investment in air transport, against the backdrop of the role governments and airlines should play in avoiding protectionism and encouraging innovation and creativity.

It evaluates current trends in air transport and the direction the industry is taking in the twenty first century. The application of Article 85(1) and Commission policy in respect of agreements common to the air transport sector.

The application of the EC Merger Regulation to the air transport sector. Block exemption in the air transport sector and computer reservation systems. Bilateral air transport agreements. The rapid evolution of aerospace transport and its effect on competition in air transport is also examined.

A recurring theme of the book is the influence of creative destruction and disruptive innovation on air transport. air transport competition in the european economic community: the antitrust procedures The intent of this article is to shed some light on the technical requirements of European Economic Community (EEC) provisions on antitrust procedures in air transport, namely, that relating to negative clearance and an application of Article 85(3) of the Treaty of : J Goh.

As a consequence all sectors of the air transport industry are in a constant state of flux. The principle aim of this book is to review current trends in the airline industry and its related suppliers, thereby providing an insight into the forces that are changing its Edition: 1st Edition.

Competition law, air transport deregulation and the tourism industry in the European economic community part I—A legal perspective - by: 1. Air transport industry and the European Economic Community The involvement of the Community in the field of air transport is comparatively recent.

Prior toand indeed effectively since the end of the Second World War, civil aviation remained outside the process of European by: 1. On 8 Junethe EU Commission submitted the above proposal to the EU Parliament and Council, henceforth also referred to as.

In it, the EU Commission the Proposal articulates the strong growth of European and global air transport which is taking place under the forces of ‘global competition File Size: 2MB.

Competition between airlines and airports increased significantly since the deregulation of the intra-European air transport market in The passenger has a wider choice in terms of routings.

92 Consolidation in the air transport sector and antitrust enforcement in Europe Competition is crucial to any liberalization process, where regulatory authorities should retreat and economic agents take over (in the airline industry as well for airports, energy and telecommunication industries).File Size: KB.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development () Deregulation and airline competition. OECD, Paris, p Google Scholar Oxford Economics () Aviation, the real world wide web, June Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne. Competition in the Air: European Union Regulation of Commercial Aviation Paul Stephen Dempsey Follow this and additional works at: This Article is brought to Air transport and competition in the European Economic Community.

book for free and open access by the Law Journals at SMU Scholar. It has been accepted for inclusion in Journal of Air Cited by: 1. A series of measures in the form of regulations and directives by the Council of Europe and the Commission under the Treaty of Rome (), assisted by two landmark decisions of the European Court of Justice in andhave ushered in a period of legal reforms to the EC's tourism and air transport industry inthe benefits of which should be enjoyed by all consumers and travellers in Cited by: 1.

This book provides an in-depth overview of the application of the European Competition rules to shipping, aviation, and inland transport. The book is written by two officials of the European Commission who have been closely involved in the development of policy in this area.

A strategically important sector that makes a vital contribution to the EU's overall economy and employment, aviation supports close to 5 million jobs and contributes € billion, or % to European GDP.

Despite the current economic crisis, global air transport over the long term is expected to grow by around 5% annually until Agreement on Trade, Development and Cooperation between the European Community and its Member States and the Republic of South Africa switzerland Agreement between the European Economic Community and the Swiss Confederation Agreement between the European Community and the Swiss Confederation on Air Transport Tunisia.

the European Commission aims to ensure that competition is based on openness, reciprocity and fairness and that it is not distorted by unfair practices.

It has therefore proposed a regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on safeguarding competition in air transport, repealing regulation (EC) No. / which aims to.

These issues are clarified in the book using analyses of competition law and investment law as they apply to air transport, free-trade-agreement analogies and an open-skies case study.

Megatrends and Air Transport: Legal, Ethical and Economic Issues by Ruwantissa Abeyratne. Read "Book Review: Hussein Kassim and Handley Stevens, Air Transport and the European Union (EU).

Europeanization and Its Limits. Palgrave Studies in EU Politics. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan,Air and Space Law" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your : Heere.

The air transport industry has not only underpinned wealth creation in the developed world, but has also brought enormous benefits to developing economies by unlocking their potential for trade and tourism.

This brochure provides new data on the economic and social benefits of air transport – including its valuable contribution to job. the Economic egulation of International Air TransportR (Doc ) was updated with the incorporation state aid at the European Union level in order to avoid distortions within the Single Market.

A theme often sounded in the discussion of international air transport competition is the. The book weaves together the technological development of aviation, the competition among aircraft manufacturers and their stables of airliners, the deregulation and privatization of the airline industry, the articulation of air passenger and air cargo services in everyday life, and the challenges and controversies surrounding by: ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xii, pages ; 23 cm.

Contents: Treaty provisions; implementation by Community legislation; measures common to road, rail and inland waterways; road transport; railway transport; inland waterways; combined transport; maritime transport; free movement of persons and services; competition rules and maritime.

Course objectives. This course aims to provide students with a profound knowledge of the developments of Economic Regulation of Air Transport, starting with the Chicago Convention, the role of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the system of bilateral air services agreements, followed by deregulation and liberalization of air transport services, with special attention to.

EU Air Transport Liberalisation P rocess, impacts and future considerations Discussion Paper No. Guillaume BURGHOUWT. SEO Economic Research, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. According to the IATA (International Air Transport Association), about 1, new airlines were established in the last 40 following summarizes the nature of competition in the airline.

New Frontiers in EEC Air Transport Competition I. INTRODUCTION From its very inception inthe European Economic Commu-nity ("Community" or "EEC") has sought, through the EEC Treaty, "to promote throughout the Community a harmonious development of eco-nomic activities."1 This development is to be accomplished, among otherCited by: 1.

This book addresses emerging legal and economic issues in competition and investment in air transport, against the backdrop of the role governments and airlines should play in avoiding.

The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation that aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states. It was created by the Treaty of Rome of Upon the formation of the European Union (EU) inthe EEC was incorporated and renamed the European Community (EC).Inthe EC's institutions were absorbed into the EU's wider framework and the community Capital: Brussels, Luxembourg, Strasbourg².

European Commission - Press Release details page - The aim for is to secure the greatest possible freedom for airlines to provide the services they consider commercially appropriate. Governments should interfere only to curb anti- competitive behaviour.

This means that economic regulation must indeed be confined to economics. The politics of patronage and protection belong to the.

That regulatory impulse spread to the privately owned U.S. air transport industry, which since had been placed under the economic supervision of a public agency, the now-defunct Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB). European States, on the other hand, opted to couple regulation of their major airlines with outright public ownership.

Africa is the smallest of the ‘regional’ aviation markets but one that Boeing and others expect to expand over the medium term. Developments on the continent that require the creation of robust and efficient air transport include growth in tourism, the export of ‘exotics’, and the emergence of modern manufacturing and high-tech industries.

terize European commercial air services.' The result is an anti-compet-itive environment and pervasive inefficiency.4 However, the times are changing. Powerful pressures from outside as well as within the international air transport industry are causing the nations of the European Economic Community (EEC)5 to reevalu-Author: Stacy K.

Weinberg. 6 1. Air Transportation {Air transportation for business was first developed for mail service {The industry then evolved into passenger service with air cargo as only a sideline {Unlike ocean shipping, there is considerable mixing between passenger transport and cargo transport {Air cargo industry vs.

air logistics industryzAir cargo only refers to the air portion of the journeyFile Size: 52KB. European Economic Community - Regulation of Airfares - European Commission May Sanction Anti-Competitive Measures of European Community and Possibly Foreign Airlines as EEC Expands its Role in Air Transport Domain - \u22The Newest Frontiers\u22Author: Richard S.

Alembik. A MORE COMPETITIVE EEC AIR TRANSPORT INDUSTRY one of the most influential of the world's airline organizations, composed of over air carriers, including eleven of the twelve EEC members. 9 D. EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY The EEC was established inwhen six independent nations in western.

Air transport development in the EEC F. SørensenHead Air Transport Division, Commission of the EEC 45 53 Appendix 1.

Commission of the European Communities Document Com(86) Final/2 Dated 1 July Civil Aviation Fares Capacity Arbitration Competition Trial Period Annex I. Conditions to be Applied to a Zone Scheme With Automatic.

contributions to meeting its needs for further development of air transport services to suit modern conditions.

In so doing, it can respohd to and take advantage of recent modifications of structure and organization in world-wide civil aviation. The general public in the Community and the European Parliament1 have shown growing.

Air Transport Liberalization and Its Impacts on Airline Competition and Air Passenger Traffic Abstract This study examines the impacts of air transport liberalization policies on economic growth, traffic volume, and traffic flow patterns, and investigates the mechanisms leading to those changes.

are members of the European Economic Community (EC), which is changing the way the individual aviation markets of its member nations are regulated. The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and its Subcommittee on Aviation asked GAO to describe and assess (1) changes to air transport regulation that have been.

Air transport organizations wield tremendous influence in the European air transport industry The interests and objectives of each organization differ. Nevertheless, growing support exists among them for liberalization of European air transport.

Community Air Transport Policy, COM(84)72 final at [hereinafter MEMORANDUM 2]. Nevertheless, the European Court of Justice (the Court) upheld the decision of the Commission to impose such measures in Camera Care, a case which ‘warrants close study as an important evolution in the enforcement of EEC (European Economic Community) competition rules’.

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